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Genesis Chapter 3
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Man; the First Sin
3:1 The serpent was the most cunning of all the wild beasts that God had made. [The serpent] asked the woman, 'Did God really say that you may not eat from any of the trees of the garden?'
3:2 The woman replied to the serpent, 'We may eat from the fruit of the trees of the garden.
3:3 But of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, God said, 'Do not eat it, and do not [even] touch it, or else you will die.' '
3:4 The serpent said to the woman, 'You will certainly not die!
3:5 Really, God knows that on the day you eat from it, your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.'
3:6 The woman saw that the tree was good to eat and desirable to the eyes, and that the tree was attractive as a means to gain intelligence. She took some of its fruit and ate [it]. She also gave some to her husband, and he ate [it].
3:7 The eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized that they were naked. They sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves loincloths.
3:8 They heard God's voice moving about in the garden with the wind of the day. The man and his wife hid themselves from God among the trees of the garden.
3:9 God called to the man, and He said, 'Where are you [trying to hide]?'
3:10 'I heard Your voice in the garden,' replied [the man], 'and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.'
3:11 [God] asked, 'Who told you that you are naked? Did you eat from the tree which I commanded you not to eat?'
3:12 The man replied, 'The woman that you gave to be with me - she gave me what I ate from the tree.'
3:13 God said to the woman, 'What is this that you have done?'
The woman replied, 'The serpent seduced me and I ate [it].'
3:14 God said to the serpent, 'Because you did this, cursed are you more than all the livestock and all the wild beasts. On your belly you shall crawl, and dust you shall eat, all the days of your life.
3:15 I will plant hatred between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will strike you in the head, and you will strike him in the heel.'

The Woman's Curse
3:16 To the woman He said, 'I will greatly increase your anguish and your pregnancy. It will be with anguish that you will give birth to children. Your passion will be to your husband, and he will dominate you.'

Man's Curse
3:17 To Adam He said, 'You listened to your wife, and ate from the tree regarding which I specifically gave you orders, saying, 'Do not eat from it.' The ground will therefore be cursed because of you. You will derive food from it with anguish all the days of your life.
3:18 It will bring forth thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the grass of the field.
3:19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat bread. Finally you will return to the ground, for it was from [the ground] that you were taken. You are dust, and to dust you shall return.'
3:20 The man named his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all life.
3:21 God made leather garments for Adam and his wife and He clothed them.

The Expulsion from Eden
3:22 God said, 'Man has now become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now he must be prevented from putting forth his hand and also taking from the Tree of Life. He [can] eat it and live forever!'
3:23 God banished [man] from the Garden of Eden, to work the ground from which he was taken.
3:24 He drove away the man, and stationed the cherubim at the east of Eden, along with the revolving sword blade, to guard the path of the Tree of Life.



Commentary:

like God
  (Rashi). Others, however, have 'like the great,' or 'like the great angels' (Targum; Targum Yonathan. Cf. Ibn Ezra). The word Elohim used here denotes any superior power or powers, and can refer to God, angels, judges or rulers (Moreh Nevukhim 1:2).

to the eyes
  Or 'for the eyes' (Rashi).

moving about
  Literally 'walking.' The commentaries explain that it was the voice that was moving, not God.

wind of the day
  Literally. Some translate it, 'the cool of the day.' Others, 'the direction of the [conclusion of] the day,' namely the west (Rashi). Hence the teaching that 'the Divine Presence is in the west.'

Adam
  Or 'man.'

Finally
  Or 'until.'

Eve
  Chavah in Hebrew, cognate to the word chai, meaning life.

leather garments
  Some translate this 'shrouds of skin,' denoting the growth of the male foreskin and female hymen (Maaseh HaShem; from Sanhedrin 38b, Eruvin 100b).

cherubim
  Rashi notes that they are angels of destruction. Man is told that he must eventually die and is banished from paradise. He can only return to paradise after death, and before doing so, he must pass by these angels of purgatory (Bachya). The prophet must also pass these angels to approach the Tree of Life and obtain a vision. This is the significance of the cherubim on the Ark (Exodus 25:18), and those seen in Ezekiel's vision (Ezekiel 1:5, 10:15). (Rambam on Exodus 25:18).

revolving sword blade
  (Targum; see Radak, Sherashim s.v. Lahat). Others have, 'a flaming sword that revolves.' See note on Exodus 7:11.





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