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Salem
A city mentioned at Genesis 14:18 as the kingdom of Malkhi-tzedek. Later commentators identified Salem with Jerusalem.
Salkhah
The hilly south-eastern corner of Bashan, one of the cities of king Og. Mentioned at Deuteronomy 3:10 as being conquered by the Israelites under Moses together with Edrei.
Sepher
A mountain delineating the eastern outer limit of the territory of the sons of Yoktan (Genesis 10:30). Some scholars believe it to be in southern Arabia.
Sevam
Sevam or Sivmah was among the Moabite cities petitioned by the descendants of the tribes of Reuben and Gad. These tribes claimed the lands around Ya'ezer and Gilead for raising livestock, even though this area was on the eastern bank of the Jordan. After attempting to persuade them to settle in Canaan, Moses granted them permission to settle in Transjordan on condition that they armed themselves and led the other Israelites across the Jordan river as an advance guard (Numbers 32).
Shaveh Kiryiathaim
A city to the east of the Dead Sea, mentioned at Genesis 14:5 as the place where Chedorlaomer defeated the Emim. It is possible that this is the same as the Kiryathaim mentioned at Numbers 32:37, that later became part of Reubenite territory.
Shefam
A locality mentioned in Numbers 34:10-11 as part of the eastern border of the Promised Land. Its location is uncertain but it is probably in modern Lebanon or Syria.
Shefer, Mount
One of the encampments of the Israelites in the Wilderness; only mentioned at Numbers 33:23-4. Its location remains unknown.
Shinar
A country mentioned in Genesis 10:10 as the kingdom of Nimrod, this is another name for ancient Babylonia (southern Iraq).
Shittim, Avel Shittim
A place across the Jordan river, north-east from the Dead Sea. The Israelites were staying in Shittim when some of them became involved in corrupt practices with the local women (Numbers 25:1). Avel Shittim (Numbers 33:49) was a plain, and the stream of Shittim ran into the Dead Sea.
Shur Desert
Also known as the Wilderness of Shur, the arid region in north-west Sinai, south of the Mediterranean coastline and the Philistine Highway. Shur lay on an important trade route between southern Palestine and Egypt. Abraham lived between Kadesh and Shur before travelling to Gerar (Genesis 20:1), and Sarah's handmaid Hagar fled to a well past Kadesh on the way to Shur (Genesis 16:7). The Israelites entered the Shur desert after passing through the Red Sea before travelling southwards into Sinai (Exodus 15:22).
Siddim
A valley mentioned at Genesis 14:3 as the mustering-point of Chedorlaomer and his allies. It is identified with the Dead Sea.
Sin Desert, Wilderness of Sin
A staging-post on the journey of the Israelites out of Egypt, which they reached after leaving Elim, shortly after the passage of the Red Sea.. When in the Sin desert, the Israelites complained to Moses of their lack of food (Exodus 16:1, Numbers 33:11). God sent the Israelites manna to eat, and commanded them to keep the first Sabbath by not gathering manna on that day (Exodus 16:30).Not to be confused with the Tzin Desert.
Sinai, Mount, desert
1.The mountain where, according to the book of Exodus, Moses received the Ten Commandments: thus, presumably, identical with Horeb. Opinions differ as to its location: the traditional site of Mount Sinai is Jebel Musa (also known as Jebel Katerina) in the south of the Sinai peninsula, but other views place it further north in the Sinai peninsula or in the Aravah (east of Sinai, towards Moab). In Exodus 4:27, Aaron meets Moses near God's Mountain: this is thought to be a reference to Mount Sinai. 2. The desert area also known as the Sinai peninsula, surrounded by the Gulf of Suez to the west and Gulf of Aqaba to the east. The traditional route taken by the Israelites leads southward to the southern end of the Sinai peninsula.
Siyon, Mount
Another name for Mount Hermon, mentioned at Deuteronomy 4:48 in the description of the land conquered by the Israelites from Sichon and Og.
Sodom
One of the five Cities of the Plain on the Dead Sea whose destruction is described in Genesis 18 and Genesis 19. God's anger with the cities reached its height after the insult offered by the inhabitants to the two angels which were sent there, though rabbinic literature also mentions their avaricious ways. Abraham's nephew Lot lived there and escaped the calamity, although his wife was turned into a pillar of salt when she looked back at the burning city. It is also alluded to at Deuteronomy 29:22, as a comparison for the curses pronounced for disobedience to the Divine commands.
South Sea, Southern Sea
One of several translations for Yam Suf, denoting various parts of the Red Sea. In Numbers 21:4 and Deuteronomy 1:40 the reference is probably to the Gulf of Aqaba.
Sukkoth
A place inhabited by Jacob meaning 'shelters', as he built himself a house there after his encounter with Esau, mentioned in Genesis 33:17. It is the first stop on the Israelites' Exodus from Egypt (Exodus 12:37, and has been identified with Tel Akhsas or Tel Der Allah on the Jabbok river, 4km (2.5 miles) east of the Jordan.
Sunset Highway (Mavo HaShemesh)
A stretch of road in Samaria, mentioned at Deuteronomy 11:30 in the passage describing the location of Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal.




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