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Padan Aram
Another name for Aram Naharaim, ie northern Mesopotamia.It is mentioned as the home of Abraham's family, especially Bethuel (eg Genesis 28:1-9).
Paran Desert
Area north of Sinai and south of Canaan, reaching towards Elath. Home of Ishmael (Genesis 21:21). The Israelites camped here and the twelve spies were sent to Canaan (Numbers 13:3, 21). Chovev led the Israelites through the Sinai desert to Paran: see Graves-of-Craving (Kivroth HaTaavah).Moses described God's commandments to the Israelites in the vicinity of Paran (Deuteronomy 1:1). This area is now called el-Tih. Under the name of Mount Paran it is mentioned in the blessing of Moses at Deuteronomy 33:2.
Peniel
See Penuel.
Penuel
Named Peniel by Jacob ('Divine Face'), after his struggles with the angel (Genesis 32:31). It is thought to be situated near Sukkoth, although its exact location is unknown; it is usually identified with Tulul ed-Dahab in modern-day Jordan.
Pethor
Birth-place of Balaam, who was commanded by the Moabite king Balak to curse the Israelites (Numbers 22:5; Deuteronomy 23:5). It is in Aram Naharayim (Mesopotamia).
Philistine Highway; Philistine Sea
1. Philistine Highway: when the Israelites left Egypt the land along the coastal strip between Egypt and Gaza was heavily populated by the Philistines: the Israelites were obliged to turn inland to avoid 'the way of the land of the Philistines' (Exodus 13:17). The part of the Mediterranean sea running parallel to this area was referred to as the sea of the Philistines (Exodus 23:31). It is now thought that the Philistines did not settle in this area until after the Exodus, so the name was used in a retrospective sense. 2. Philistine Sea: this is mentioned at Exodus 23:31, and is thought to mean the Mediterranean Sea.
Pishon
One of the four major rivers of Paradise (Eden). It is thought to be either the Nile, the Ganges, the Indus or the Karun (Genesis 2:11).
Pithom
Egyptian city where the Israelites had to work as forced labourers (Exodus 1:11), situated south-west of Sukkoth. Pithom was one of the store cities constructed by the Hebrews: see also Ra'amses. Its location is probably Wadi Tumilat, at Tel el-Maskhuta or Tel er-Retaba.
Punon
Place where the Israelites camped in the Wilderness, lying in the copper-mining area of Edom. Here they were bitten by poisonous snakes (Numbers 21:6; Numbers 33:42-3).




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