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Machanaim
A place in Transjordania (modern Jordan), Machanaim, meaning 'Twin Camps', is mentioned at Genesis 32:2-3 as the spot where Jacob saw angels while travelling from the home of Laban to meet his brother Esau.
Machpelah
The name of a field which was sold to Abraham by the sons of Heth (Hittites) for use as a burial place. All three patriarchs and their wives (excluding Rachel) are buried there, and it is an important place of pilgrimage for both Jews and Muslims.
Mak'heloth
One of the encampments of the Israelites in the Wilderness, only mentioned at Numbers 33:25-6. Its location remains unknown.
Mamre
A place near Hebron, to the west of the caves of Machpelah where Abraham settled and built an altar (Genesis 13:18; Genesis 23:17). The words Eloney Mamre may be translated either as 'the plains of Mamre' or as 'the terebinths of Mamre'. Hebron area, west of Machpelah.
Marah
The Israelites passed through Marah (meaning 'bitter') on their way through the Shur desert, thus named because they could only find bitter water there (Exodus 15:23; Numbers 33:8-9). Marah is often identified with Ain Chawarah, 90 km (60 miles) south of Suez.
Massah
A place mentioned in Exodus 17:7 (under the name Testing-and-Argument), Deuteronomy 6:15 and Deuteronomy 9:22, so called by Moses because the people tested God by demanding that Moses produce water. It is mentioned in the blessing of Moses at Deuteronomy 33:8.
Matanah
The Israelites camped at Matanah (meaning 'gift'), a place name sometimes identified with Vahev (mentioned at Deuteronomy 21:15, see Kaplan's footnote). Its precise location is unknown: it is likely to have been in Ammorite territory as it was north of the Arnon river separating Moab from the Amorites. The area was to become part of the territory of the tribe of Reuben.
Medeva
A Moabite city taken by the Israelites following the conquest of the territory of the Amorite king Sichon (Numbers 21:30).
Mediterranean Sea
Known in Hebrew as HaYam HaGadol (The Great Sea). It is mentioned at Numbers 34:6-7 as the western border of the Promised Land.
Memphis
Memphis is mentioned at Genesis 44:4 as the city where Joseph was living at the court of Pharoah. It was the ancient capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom: the capital under the Hyksos, however, was Tanis.
Meshah
The outer limit of the sons of Yoktan. Some scholars identify Meshah with a city in northern Arabia, and some rabbinical sources suggest its location to be either in Yemen, or at the mouth of the Tigris river where it joins the Persian Gulf (Genesis 10:30).
Mithkah
An encampment of the Israelites in the Wilderness, mentioned only at Numbers 33:28-9. Its location remains unknown.
Moab, Moabites
1. The area from Gilead and the Red Sea, lying between the tribal areas of Ammon and Edom. It occupies the southern part of modern-day Jordan. The Israelites passed through the territory of Moab during the latter part of the forty years of the Exodus from Egypt, but did not fight the Moabites, as instructed by God (Deuteronomy 2:9). A City of Moab is mentioned at Numbers 22:36 as the place where Balak met Balaam. 2. Son of Lot by his incestuous union with his elder daughter.Said to be the ancestor of the Moabites,an ancient tribe living east of the Jordan river (Genesis 19:37) and may have been identified in Numbers 24:17-18 by Balaam as the descendants of Seth, the third son of Adam and Eve. Like the Ammonites and the Edomites, they were not among the pre-Israelites who lived in the land of Canaan (Genesis 10:15-20).
Moreh
A place near Shechem mentioned in Genesis 12:6 as Elon Moreh, variously translated as 'the plain of Moreh' or 'the oak of Moreh'. It is mentioned again at Deuteronomy 11:30.
Moserah
A place near the wells of Beney Yaakan, which the Israelites passed through at the time of the death of Aaron.
Moseroth
An encampment of the Israelites in the Wilderness, mentioned at Numbers 33:30-31 and Deuteronomy 10:6. Its location is unknown.
Mount Hor
1. See Horeb. 2. A mountain mentioned at Numbers 34:7-8 as being the northern extremity of the coastal boundary of the Promised Land, probably in modern Lebanon or Syria.




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