|An important Canaanite settlement of ancient origin to the east of Jerusalem, later conquered by the Israelites under Joshua. It is mentioned at Numbers 33:48 as a point of reference for the reach of the Jordan near which the Israelites camped while travelling through Moab.|
|In Artefacts. The second commandment says that the faithful should not represent "[the gods] by any carved statue or picture of anything in the heavens above, on the earth below, or in the water below the land" (Exodus 20:4). This admonition was initially to inhibit the development of Jewish Art. However with time, a greater separation was made between the worship of images and needs of embellishment and adornment. This shift was subsequently to facilitate the creation of many objects of religious and artistic value. Objects that were to be made up of such items as Torah mantles and arks, Torah breast-plates, Torah finials, Kiddush cups, Shabbath lamps, Seder plates, spice boxes, embroidered brocades etc.
Later still, with the emancipation and emergence of secular values, Jewish Arts’ philosophical basis was to be transformed once again. It now called for Jewish artists to partake directly in the creation and development of mainstream art.|
|The river Jordan is the main river of Palestine. It runs from Lake Hula through the Sea of Galilee and into the Dead Sea.The Israelites did not cross the Jordan into the Promised Land until after the death of Moses.|