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Animals
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Hare
The hare is alluded to in a text which outlines key dietary precepts. It is stated there that owing to its lack of true hooves it is to be regarded as unclean and un-kosher. (See Leviticus 11:6 )

The hare is a long-eared animal with strong long back legs.

Diet: Herbivorous

Habitat: Worldwide except Antarctica.

Hawk
The Hebrew term netz of Leviticus 11:6 is believed by some translators to be a reference to a Hawk. Some scholars dispute this and suggest instead that the word should be viewed as a reference to a gosshawk. The text states that the above animal is to be regarded as unclean and non-kosher.

The Hawk is a mid-air hunting bird and varies greatly in size and appearance.

Diet: Carnivorous

Habitat: Worldwide, except Polar regions.

Hedgehog
The Hebrew term anakah of Leviticus 11:30 is considered by some scholars to be a reference to a hedgehog. Other scholars dispute this and suggest instead that the term refers to either a mole or a gecko or a beaver or a mouse. The above species is alluded to in a text which outlines key dietary precepts and is said there to be a non-kosher and unclean animal.

The hedgehog is a spiney hibernating animal.

Diet: Carnivorous

Habitat: Africa, Europe, Asia and New Zealand.

Heron
In Animals. The Heron or the Anapha of the Hebrew text is described as a non-kosher and unclean animal in a text which codifies key dietray precepts (see Leviticus 11:19 ).

The Heron is a medium sized bird that nests in colonies which are called heronries.

Diet: Fish

Habitat: Worldwide

Voice: Harsh

Hoopoe
In Animals. The Hebrew term dukhiphath of Leviticus 11:19 is believed by some translators to be a reference to a hoopoe. Some scholars dispute this and suggest instead that the word should be viewed as a reference to a mountain cock, possibly a capercaillie. The text states that the above animal be regarded as non-kosher and unclean.

The hoopoe is an exotic looking bird, whose head is crowned by a large crest of feathers.

Diet: Insectivorous

Habitat: Africa, South East Europe and Asia.

Voice: The bird's name is onomatopoeic and hence very reminiscent to the sound of its call.

Horned viper
In Animals. The Horned Viper is used in Genesis 49:17 as a metaphor for the war-like nature of the tribe Dan. It is a non-kosher, venomous snake with long thin horns.

Diet: Carnivorous

Habitat: Africa, Europe and Asia.

Hornet
In Animals. The hornet is mentioned in Exodus 23:28 , in a text which claims that it would be sent against the Canaanites and the Hittites who were occupying the Promised Land at the time.

The hornet is a deadly wasp, and belongs to the non-kosher group of animals.

Diet: Juices of flowers and fruits.

Habitat: In large colonies in treeholes and walls.

Hyrax
In Animals.The Hebrew term shafan of Leviticus 11:5 is considered by some scholars to be a reference to an hyrax. Some scholars dispute this and suggest instead that the term should be viewed as a reference to a jerboa. The above text states that the hyrax is to be regarded as unclean and non-kosher owing to its lack of true hooves.

The hyrax is a short legged animal which is related to the elephant.

Diet: Herbivorous

Habitat: Negev Mountains, Africa and South West Asia.





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