|In History. Equated by some scholars with the Hebrews or early Israelites. They are referred to in a number of ancient sources and are sometimes regarded in those sources as semi-nomadic and war-like, although in others they are described as merchants, government-officials, labourers and slaves. Their exact relation to the early Israelites or the Patriarchs is still not completely clear and is subject to contending interpretations. Some scholars claim that, on the strength of historical and linguistic factors, that the Habirus should be regarded as the precursors to the Israelites. Other scholars dismiss the connection altogether saying that the term was a general non-ethnic term and that it cannot be used to establish a genealogical link.|
|Descendant of Noah. Son of Yoktan and brother of Almodad, Shelef, Chatzarmaveth, Yerach, Uzal, Diklah, Oval, Avimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah and Yovav.|
|The Egyptian slave-maid to Sarah, wife of Abraham. Sarah, who was childless, suggested to Abraham that he should take Hagar as a concubine and have a child by her. After Hagar conceived, the jealous Sarah ill-treated Hagar, who ran away into the desert but was persuaded by an angel to return, promising her that she would bear a son who would be a rebel and would have many descendants. Hagar returned and gave birth to Ishmael (Hebrew: 'God will hear'). When Isaac was born and Ishmael was 13, Sarah felt mocked by Hagar and persuaded Abraham to evict Hagar and Ishmael. When she ran out of water in the Beer-sheba desert she placed Ishmael under a bush to die, until God reminded her of his promise that he would make Ishmael into a great nation and led her to a well of water nearby.|
|1. One of the three sons of Noah, and possibly the youngest. Ham saw Noah drunk and naked in his tent, and told his brothers, who covered him modestly (Genesis 9:22-23). When Noah heard of this, he was angry: 'Cursed be Canaan; the lowest of slaves to his brothers (Genesis 9:24-5). It is supposed that the Hamite people were descended from him. Ham had four sons, Cush, Mitzraim, Put, and Canaan, who in turn had many descendants (Genesis 10:6-20).
2. A city to the east of the river Jordan, mentioned at Genesis 14:5 as the place where Chedorlaomer defeated the Zuzim.|
|Son of Terach and brother of Abraham and Nachor. He died in Ur before Terach and Abraham left on their great journey. He had two children, Lot, who migrated with Abraham, and Milcah (who married his brother Nachor).|
|The descendants of Heth, one of the sons of Canaan (Genesis 10:15), originating in northern Syria and Asia Minor. Abraham purchased land from Ephron the Hittite as a burial-place for Sarah (Genesis 23). In Genesis 27:46, Rebecca feared that Jacob would marry a Hittite woman like his brother Esau and Isaac specifically forbade Jacob from marrying a Canaanite. In Numbers 13:29 the twelve spies locate the Hittites, Jebusites and Amorites in the hill country. It is clear from the narrative that part of their territory must have been in the very heart of Canaan that the Israelites later conquered under Joshua, as Moses instructed the Israelites to destroy them utterly (Deuteronomy 7:1; Deuteronomy 20:17).|
|Traditionally known as descendants of Canaan (Genesis 10:17) through Ham, the Hivites were among the indigenous inhabitants of the land promised by God to the Israelites. They lived in the central part of the Holy Land, near Shechem (Genesis 34:2), and also had settlements in Gibeon and near Mount Lebanon. Dinah was raped by Shechem, son of Chamor the Hivite. By the time of Joshua most of the Hivites had been driven out of Canaan (Exodus 23:23; Deuteronomy 7:1).|