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When the Beney Yisrael dwell in the Land of Israel, its first fruits are to be taken to the Temple and given to the Kohen in a ceremony which expresses recognition that it is HaShem who guides the history of the Jewish People throughout all the ages. This passage forms one of the central parts of the Hagadah that we read at the Seder. On the last day of Pesach of the fourth and the seventh years of the seven-year cycle of tithes, a person must recite a confession that he has indeed distributed the tithes to the appropriate people in the prescribed manner. With this mitsvah Moshe concludes the commandments that HaShem has told him to give to The Jewish People. Moshe exhorts them to walk in HaShem's ways, because they are set aside as a treasured people to HaShem. When the Beney Yisrael cross the Jordan River they are to make a New Commitment to the Torah. Huge stones are to be erected and the Torah written on them in the seventy primary languages of the world, after which they are to be covered over with a thin layer of plaster. Half the tribes will stand on Mount Gerizim and half on Mount Eval and the Levi’im will stand in a valley between the two mountains and recite twelve commandments and all the people will answer 'Amen' to the blessings and the curses. Moshe then details the blessings that will be bestowed on the Beney Yisrael. These blessings are both physical and spiritual. However if the Jewish People do not keep the Torah, Moshe details a chilling picture of destruction, resulting in exile and wandering among the nations.




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