|HaShem tells Moshe that He is hardening Pharaoh's heart so that through miraculous plagues the world will know for all time that He is the one true G-d. Pharaoh is warned about the plague of locusts and is told how severe it will be. Pharaoh agrees to release only the men, but Moshe insists that everyone must go.|
During the plague, Pharaoh calls for Moshe and Aharon to remove the locusts, and he admits that he has sinned. HaShem ends the plague but hardens Pharaoh's heart and again Pharaoh fails to free the Beney Yisrael. The country, except for the Jewish People, is then engulfed in a palpable darkness.
Pharaoh calls for Moshe, and tells him to take all the Jews out of Egypt, and to leave their flocks behind. Moshe tells him not only will they take their own flocks, but Pharaoh must add his own too. Moshe tells Pharaoh that HaShem is going to bring one more plague, the death of the firstborn, and then the Children of Yisrael will leave Egypt.
HaShem again hardens Pharaoh's heart, and Pharaoh warns Moshe that if he sees him again he will be put to death. HaShem tells Moshe that the month of Nisan will be the first month in the calendar year. The Beney Yisrael are commanded to take a sheep on the tenth of the month, and guard it until the fourteenth. The sheep is then to be slaughtered as a Pesach sacrifice, its blood put on their door-posts, and its roasted meat to be eaten. The blood on the door-post will be a sign to HaShem to pass-over their homes when He strikes the firstborn of Egypt. The Jewish People are told to memorialize this day as the Exodus from Egypt by never eating chamets on Pesach. Moshe relays HaShem's commands, and the Jewish People perform them flawlessly. HaShem sends the final plague, killing the firstborn, and Pharaoh sends the Jews out of Egypt. HaShem tells Moshe and Aharon the laws concerning the Pesach sacrifice, pidyon haben (the redemption of the firstborn son), and tefillin.